1. ASSESSMENT

Definition - What is it
It is a clear process to evaluate and analyze the needs related to the economic security in order to end up properly designing an efficient livelihood program. Being focused on how the household economy meets the household needs. The process facilitates a clear image of who are the populations more vulnerable or affected by a disaster and what are their needs and priorities. It introduces the resources that are relevant when analysing household needs and household access to markets and services, as well as technical and organizational response capacities.

Logic in the TOOLBOX
The module comprises the first actions in the assessment process, where population is identified and their needs assessed. It is conducted just before the response analysis since it implies getting all the necessary information and compile it.
The module includes an additional Contingency Planning step to develop the different scenarios once the information has been compiled.
As the result of this module it is expected to define the more vulnerable populations and to get an analysis of what the actual and desired situations are, what is the gap between them and how markets are related to this situation.

Location Tool name
Markets in Crises community of practice
Assessment and Reflection on Gender and Inclusion
Historical Profile
List of Institutions for Livelihoods Support
Seasonal Calendar
Community mapping
Livelihoods Zones Map
Assets Analysis
List of assets commonly used by the urban poor
Livelihoods and wealth groups identification
Socioeconomic assessment tables (urban and rural settings)
Hazard Matrix
Typical Effects of Different Types of Natural Disaster
Estimation of food and non-food monthly cash needs for a household of four
Table to record food, income and expenditure pre and post disaster
Households interviews - Sustainable Livelihood Approach Framework Capitals
Households Level Interviews Impact Checklist
Interview with Key Informants
Interviews and Focus Groups at Community Level
Gender checklists with questions to ask and actions to take
Gender focus group by gender and age (CLARA)
Gender Focus Group by Gender and Age (FAO/ILO)
Livelihoods control analysis
Rapid Assessment for Markets
Assessment of accesibility and availability of financial services
Key marketplaces the assessment should focus on
Key markets and commodities needed by the shock-affected population
Essential basket costs
Interview with market representatives and key informants
Interview with traders
Interview with Traders - Key Information to Collect
Interview with Traders - Market Traders and Shopkeepers Interviews
Summary of findings of market analysis
Market analysis report
Market System after the Shock
Market System in Normal Times
Complete coping Strategies Analysis
Explanation: coping vs. adaptation strategies
Overview of Categories of Coping Strategies
Simple coping strategies analysis
Sampling Strategies and Procedures
Secondary information sources
Sustainable Livelihood Approach Framework
Analysis of community social associations, organisations and influential groups
Guide to integrate BCA in the assessment phase