Definition - What is it
It is a clear process to evaluate and analyze the needs related to the economic security in order to end up properly designing an efficient livelihood program. Being focused on how the household economy meets the household needs. The process facilitates a clear image of who are the populations more vulnerable or affected by a disaster and what are their needs and priorities. It introduces the resources that are relevant when analysing household needs and household access to markets and services, as well as technical and organizational response capacities.
Logic in the TOOLBOX
The module comprises the first actions in the assessment process, where population is identified and their needs assessed. It is conducted just before the response analysis since it implies getting all the necessary information and compile it.
The module includes an additional Contingency Planning step to develop the different scenarios once the information has been compiled.
As the result of this module it is expected to define the more vulnerable populations and to get an analysis of what the actual and desired situations are, what is the gap between them and how markets are related to this situation.