Regular measurement of stream flow to determine maximum and minimum stream flows
Soil and water conservation measures should increase water infiltration, resulting in lower peak flows after rain and higher stream flows during dry periods.
Wealth groups; Livelihoods group (e.g. pastoralist, farmers, traders)
Period to achieve the objective;
Direction of change:
Both secondary and primary data collection can be used according to context.
- Baseline/Endline. If multiyear programme consider a mid-term reporting/evaluation
- Secondary data. Reliable/relevant sources from other actors, clusters or government.
Data Collection methods:
Secondary data analysis;
Natural resources assessment/analysis (Water depth, rainfall. Data can be collected by the community; Gauging stations in streams and rivers)
Records of community meetings; Ministry records;
Maximum and minimum values need to be determined from the data set and compared to rainfall in the catchment.
The advantage is this directly relates to the communities' experiences, needs and concepts of risks; however statistical validity is a major challenge if the data used for more detailed analysis. Data needs to be compared with a data set covering many years rather than a baseline year. Needs to be compared to rainfall data in the catchment.