Change in number of population (households, communities, productive organizations, MSME) applying key practices in DRR, NRM or CCA to strengthen and/or protect their livelihoods activities
Livelihoods strengthening and protection through DRR and NRM includes:
- The application of good productive practices to protect natural productive resources (land conservation, improvement of green cover, water collection and water use improvement, embankments)
- The creation of household or community infrastructures to protect livelihoods assets against natural or human hazards (e.g. livestock shelters, seeds banks)
- The use or adaptation of agriculture production and livestock to climate/weather conditions (drought adapted seeds, etc.)
- Initiatives or projects that reduce or eliminate livelihoods damaging production practices (climate change mitigation, natural resources over exploitation, etc.)
- The use of insurances to cope with primary production/productive assets losses (e.g. drought prone areas)
- The use of destocking techniques
- Other community/group initiatives to protect their livelihoods assets and production (e.g. distaste risk reduction actions, surveillance mechanisms)
- MSME: micro, small and medium enterprises (formal or informal)
- DRR: disaster risk reduction
- NRM: Natural Resources Management refers to the sustainable utilization of major natural resources, such as land, water, air, minerals, forests, fisheries, and wild flora and fauna. Together, these resources provide the ecosystem services that underpin human life.
- CCA: Climate Change Adaptation refers to the adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities.
Gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases (if individuals, associations members, etc.);
Head of household gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases, dependency ratio (if households), and any other relevant criteria, such as urban/rural, religious, ethnic or political identities;
Wealth groups; Livelihoods group (e.g. pastoralist, farmers, traders)
Period to achieve the objective;
Direction of change:
Both secondary and primary data collection can be used according to context.
- Baseline/Endline. If multiyear programme consider also a mid-term evaluation.
- Secondary data. Reliable/relevant sources from other actors, clusters or government (e.g. assessment information, reference to a normal situation).
Unit of Measurement: Population, but can also be households, communities, productive organizations, or MSME. If percentage:
- Numerator: Number population applying key DRR/NRM practices.
- Denominator: Total number of targeted population
Data Collection methods:
Secondary data analysis;
Households Survey, Focus Group Discussions;
Key Informant Interviews;
Productive organizations, MSMEs' survey and records;
Measurement of application of DRR and/or NRM good practices must be linked with project/program definition, listing what good practices are being promoted. Typical approaches look at "X out of Y key practices" that drive community/household livelihoods activities protection (or strengthen).
Consider referring to potential DRR/NRM practices or projects that are setting up by the Government or other organizations in the area, as a mean to harmonize ongoing approaches in the same geographical area.
To facilitate the measure process: list the good practices that are going to be promoted through the project/program and the expected impact in livelihoods protection and strengthening, to include both in the baseline.