Number/percentage of targeted population <households, productive organizations, MSME> reduce their production losses by (specify how much) [specify type of production if necessary], [resulting from use of improved practices (specify practices)]



Result level: 




Change in targeted population production losses compared to a baseline level (or normal year, same period last year, etc.) resulting from use of improved practices.

Indicator focused on reducing production losses (e.g. post-harvest crop loss, herd heads, etc.) through product processing, storage and preservation improvement, use of new technologies, reduction of herd diseases, etc.
- Includes staple crop, vegetable and agroforestry production conservation/processing.
- Includes livestock, pisciculture, aquaculture, apiculture, cuniculture, etc., veterinary and conservation support.
- Includes group and individual IGA support (handicraft, byproducts, primary production transformation, conservation good practices etc.)

- MSME: micro, small and medium enterprises (formal or informal)
- IGA: income generation activities

Disaggregated by: 

Geography/Livelihoods zone;
Gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases (if individuals, associations members, etc.);
Head of household gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases, dependency ratio (if households), and any other relevant criteria, such as urban/rural, religious, ethnic or political identities;
Wealth groups; Livelihoods group (e.g. pastoralist, farmers, traders)
Period to achieve the objective;

Direction of change: 


Data source: 

Both secondary and primary data collection can be used according to context.
- Baseline/Endline. If multiyear programme consider also a mid-term evaluation.
- Secondary data. Reliable/relevant sources from other actors, clusters or government (e.g. assessment information, reference to a normal situation).

Unit of Measurement: Population, but can also be households or productive organizations, or MSME. If percentage:
- Numerator: Number of targeted population that have reduced their production losses.
- Denominator: Total number of targeted population

Data Collection methods:
Secondary data analysis;
Household/productive organizations/etc. survey and Focus Group Discussions;
Key Informant Interviews;
Production monitoring reports/records.

Measurement Guidance: 

Losses reduction threshold must be defined in advance using baseline and secondary information.

For some livelihoods activity this indicator is difficult to measure. If we need to compare initial and final production losses (or the losses in a normal year/period) due to the use of production processing or conservation.
Otherwise, we can measure the difference in incomes (increase of revenues due to the sale of processing production) or the reduction in expenses food/seeds (due to production conservation).

[Primary production] Consider seasonal calendar to determine when to measure the indicator.
[Livestock, agriculture] measure the disease/pests cases before and after.




X% of targeted gardening women associations (from those Y% belong to household with a high dependency ratio) in Kiffa province reduce by at least Z% their production losses resulting from use conservation preservation and transformation practices in the first year of the program.
At the end of the project, X% of the pastoralist targeted households in Dawa province reduce by at least Z% their herds losses resulting from use of thanks to improved practices.