Number/percentage of targeted population <households, productive organizations, MSME> improve their production by (specify how much) [type of production if necessary], [due to <new practices, new technology, trainings, etc.>]



Result level: 




Change in targeted population production and/or the production quality compared to a normal year or baseline level.

This indicator is focused on production increase (or improvement) supported by different mechanisms (cash/in-kind productive assets, technical support, new or improved productive assets, etc.).
- Includes staple crop, vegetable and agroforestry production support.
- Includes livestock, pisciculture, aquaculture, apiculture, cuniculture, etc., support.
- Includes the use of improved productive assets (e.g. improved seeds)
- Includes group and individual IGA support (handicraft, byproducts, primary production transformation, etc.).
- Includes education training and capacity building activities.
- Includes household / community / productive association / MSME creation or reconstruction of productive infrastructures that allow the improvement of production (irrigation infrastructures, etc.).

- MSME: micro, small and medium enterprises (formal or informal)
- IGA: income generation activities

Disaggregated by: 

Geography/Livelihoods zone;
Gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases (if individuals, associations members, etc.);
Head of household gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases, dependency ratio (if households), and any other relevant criteria, such as urban/rural, religious, ethnic or political identities;
Wealth groups; Livelihoods group (e.g. pastoralist, farmers, traders)
Period to achieve the objective;

Direction of change: 


Data source: 

Both secondary and primary data collection can be used according to context.
- Baseline/Endline. If multiyear programme consider also a mid-term evaluation.
- Secondary data. Reliable/relevant sources from other actors, clusters or government (e.g. assessment information, reference to a normal situation).

Unit of Measurement: Population, but can also be households or productive organizations, or MSME. If percentage:
- Numerator: Number of targeted population that have improved their production (fixed threshold).
- Denominator: Total number of targeted population

Data Collection methods:
Secondary data analysis;
Household/productive organizations/etc. survey and Focus Group Discussions;
Key Informant Interviews;
Production monitoring reports/records.

Measurement Guidance: 

Improvement/increase threshold must be defined in advance using baseline and secondary information.

[primary production] Consider seasonal calendar to determine when to measure the indicator (e.g. main harvest, pests and diseases prevalence depending on the period.)

If necessary, link the increase of the productivity/or the quality of the products with the new practices or technologies provided by the project/program (e.g. new kind of cash crop)
Note that improvement of quality should require some certification/quality tests.




X% handcraft targeted cooperatives (from those Y% are refugee members) in Bangui improve their production by Z% during the program period.
X targeted households (from those Y are women-headed) in Dawa province improve their staple crops production by Z% during the program period due to the use of improved seeds.