Percentage of households that have enough suitable water and fodder available for their animals. In many contexts in may be relevant to collect the data by community.
Rationale: Lack of suitable water and fodder for animals has a direct influence on the health status and survival rate of the remaining animals, and by consequence on the HHs assets, income, food security and vulnerability.
Head of household gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases, dependency ratio (if households), and any other relevant criteria, such as urban/rural, religious, ethnic or political identities;
Wealth groups; Livelihoods group (e.g. pastoralist, farmers, traders)
Period to achieve the objective;
Direction of change:
Both secondary and primary data collection can be used according to context.
- Baseline/Endline. If multiyear programme consider a mid-term reporting/evaluation
- Secondary data. Reliable/relevant sources from other actors, clusters or government.
Seasonality needs to be considered.
Data Collection methods:
Secondary data analysis;
Households Survey, Focus Group Discussions;
Productive Organizations records
Baseline: Availability of suitable water and fodder / feed for animal at community or household level.
Watch Out For!
- If this indicator is relevant only to a particular livelihood group, it has to be clear that for some other livelihoods it is not important.
- In many cases, herders don't own the necessary water and fodder stocks at HH level. Rather, they share wells and/or pasture land with the whole community, and local conflicts with other community members (esp. farmers) to access them can be a recurrent issue. There may be different access rights according to social status, wealth, etc. Lack of water or fodder for animal consumption could be the result of restricted or no access to pasture land.
- Lack of water or fodder also influences the animal's productivity (including milk, eggs, wool, meat, etc.) or their capacity of work (for draught animals) and their ability to reproduce.
- The availability of water and fodder will also fluctuate depending on the season. Care should be taken to differentiate between seasonal and crisis-related changes.