Change in number and/or quality of livelihoods productive assets/infrastructures
Increased number, improvement or preservation of livelihoods assets and infrastructures indicates increase in food security, economic security and resilience. This indicator is aligned with the two previous indicators, but focused infrastructures and productive assets, that at the same time support the production capacity of households/communities/productive associations.
- Includes all kind of livelihoods physical/natural assets recovery activities (e.g. productive land, forestry area, river basin, transformation infrastructures)
- Includes group and individual IGA (income generation activities) infrastructures recovery or improvement.
- Includes agriculture, livestock, pisciculture, aquaculture, apiculture, cuniculture, etc., infrastructure support (for their recovery or improvement).
- Includes household/community/productive association creation or reconstruction of productive infrastructures.
At community level we need to specify the type of community/group and to indicate the inclusion/access of all members of these groups to the common assets.
This indicator also include the "build back better" approach, which not just recover what households/productive groups had before the crisis/shock, but also improve it to make them more resilient and sustainable.
Wealth groups; Livelihoods group (e.g. pastoralist, farmers, traders)
Period to achieve the objective;
Direction of change:
Both secondary and primary data collection can be used according to context.
- Baseline/Endline. If multiyear programme consider also a mid-term evaluation.
- Secondary data. Reliable/relevant sources from other actors, clusters or government (e.g. assessment information, reference to a normal situation).
Unit of Measurement: Depending on the livelihood infrastructure/asset (e.g. forest Ha, coastline meter-kilometer, number of water sources, etc.)
Data Collection methods:
Secondary data analysis;
Livelihoods infrastructure recovery measure;
Households Survey, Focus Group Discussions;
Key Informant Interviews.
Measure of infrastructures build/rebuild, Ha of recovery lands/forestry areas, meter of recover/improved irrigation channels, etc.
Depending on the type of intervention, the change should be measured using technical methods.
It is important to define how to measure the change/improvement before using the indicator. If for example we want to measure the number of hectares recovered after floods, it's necessary to define in advance the recovery techniques (e.g. cleaning up of crop lands, construction-reconstruction of terraces and embankments)