Percentage of households/communities able to plant for next season

Result level: 




Compared to pre-crisis. Seeds, agricultural tools, access to land, etc.

Share of households that are unable to restart their agricultural activities in the upcoming cropping season. To be able to farm, HHs need access to arable land, seeds, tools and other agricultural inputs. Depending on the type of crisis, one or more of these can become unavailable.
Rationale: Not having the ability to cultivate fields has an impact on the households' future level of food self-sufficiency/security, cash income and as a consequence indebtedness or higher dependency on food aid, but it also has a more immediate impact on households that are relying significantly on labour as a source of income.

Percentage of Households in the community, or percentage of communities, that would be able to plant for next season thanks to the access to seeds, access to land changes(insecurity, land tenure issues or environmental disaster)

Disaggregated by: 

Geography/Livelihoods zone;
Head of household gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases, dependency ratio (if households), and any other relevant criteria, such as urban/rural, religious, ethnic or political identities;
Wealth groups; Livelihoods group (e.g. pastoralist, farmers, traders)
Period to achieve the objective;

Direction of change: 


Data source: 

Both secondary and primary data collection can be used according to context.
- Baseline/Endline. If multiyear programme consider a mid-term reporting/evaluation
- Secondary data. Reliable/relevant sources from other actors, clusters or government.
Seasonality needs to be considered.

Data Collection methods:
Secondary data analysis;
Households Survey, Focus Group Discussions;

Measurement Guidance: 

This indicator is more precise measured as % of Households, however if this information is not available particularly in early phases of the emergency then % of communities can be used as a proxy.

Baseline: Possibility of households able to restart with agricultural activities on time.

Watch Out For!
- A reduction in percentage of households able to cultivate their fields or area to be cropped means on one hand a loss of food production for the cultivating households; but also a loss of income source for the daily labourers.
- At later stages reduced availability of food affects the availability of surplus production for marketing.
- Planning an agriculture intervention requires careful planning and timing. In some cases, delays in the implementation of the project may result in missing the beginning of the planting season, and therefore jeopardize the whole operation. Agriculture interventions can take several months to bear fruit. Depending on the circumstances, it may be necessary to jointly organize food distributions in order to avoid people consuming grain intended as seed.

For more details on methodology:
Seasonal Calendar: An Example from a Participatory Household Food Security and Nutrition Project in Ethiopia