Change in expenditure patterns in % terms, especially on items such as food, health, education, housing, transportation, clothing fuel and water among others.
Increased level of incomes/savings used for productive activities rather than for crisis management show an improvement in livelihoods.
Head of household gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases, dependency ratio (if households), and any other relevant criteria, such as urban/rural, religious, ethnic or political identities;
Wealth groups; Livelihoods group (e.g. pastoralist, farmers, traders)
Period to achieve the objective;
Direction of change:
Both secondary and primary data collection can be used according to context.
- Baseline/Endline. If multiyear programme depending on comparison requirements between lean season and other seasons, consider a mid-term reporting/evaluation
- Secondary data. Reliable/relevant sources from other actors, clusters or government.
Data Collection methods:
Secondary data analysis;
Households Survey, Focus Group Discussions;