Change in population's livelihoods compared with a reference level (pre disaster level, baseline level, etc.)
This indicator measures the population / households / productive organizations / micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) capacity to restore their livelihoods (source of food and income).
- Includes in-kind distributions (seeds, livestock, tools, etc.) that allow targeted population to restore their livelihoods
- Includes cash distribution interventions to restart targeted population's livelihoods
- Includes all kind of livelihoods restarting interventions (sources of food and income)
- MSME: micro, small and medium enterprises (formal or informal)
Gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases (if individuals, associations members, etc.);
Head of household gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases, dependency ratio (if households), and any other relevant criteria, such as urban/rural, religious, ethnic or political identities;
Wealth groups; Livelihoods group (e.g. pastoralist, farmers, traders)
Period to achieve the objective;
Direction of change:
Both secondary and primary data collection can be used according to context.
- Baseline/Endline. If multiyear programme consider also a mid-term evaluation.
- Secondary data. Reliable/relevant sources from other actors, clusters or government (e.g. assessment information, reference to a normal situation).
Unit of Measurement: Population, but can also be households or productive organizations, or MSME. If percentage:
- Numerator: Number of targeted population that have restored/improved their livelihoods activity
- Denominator: Total number of targeted population
Data Collection methods:
Secondary data analysis;
Key Informant Interviews;
MSMEs productive organizations records, focus groups and surveys.
Measure this indicator asking households directly about the recovery of their livelihoods activity, and through questions related to it (e.g. number of Ha planted and/or harvested number of daily labour hired, number of heads of livestock, etc.).
For productive organizations and MSME use also record information (in/out sales, employees/ members, etc.)
Improvement/increase threshold must be defined in advance using baseline and secondary information.
Consider seasonal calendar and market price variations throughout the year to determine when to measure the indicator.