Change in household capacity to meet their survival threshold
This indicator uses the HEA/HES approach to determine households' survival threshold (food needs), and population ability to meet their food needs, using their coping strategies or other strategies, as per the baseline.
- Includes food/cash distributions interventions
- Includes livelihoods restarting interventions (sources of food and income).
Remark: This indicator is more related to Food Security sector, bit it is included because supporting households food needs contributes to protect their livelihoods.
- Survival threshold : The Survival Threshold represents the total income required to cover:
100% of minimum food energy needs (2100 kcals per person), plus
The costs associated with food preparation and consumption (i.e. salt, soap, kerosene and/or firewood for cooking and basic lighting), plus
Any expenditure on water for human consumption.
- HEA: Household Economic Approach
- HES: Household Economic Security
Head of household gender, age, disabilities, chronic diseases, dependency ratio, and any other relevant criteria, such as urban/rural, religious, ethnic or political identities;
Wealth groups; Livelihoods group (e.g. pastoralist, farmers, traders)
Period to achieve the objective;
Direction of change:
Both secondary and primary data collection can be used according to context.
- Baseline/Endline. If multiyear programme consider also a mid-term evaluation.
In onset emergency, (if possible) frequency should be higher (on weekly, monthly basis) to ensure appropriateness of assistance.
- Secondary data. Reliable/relevant sources from other actors, clusters or government (e.g. background, assessment information, reference to a normal situation).
Unit of Measurement: Household (most typical).
- Numerator: Number of households that have achieved the livelihoods protection threshold
- Denominator: Total number of targeted households
Data Collection methods:
Secondary data analysis;
Post-distribution monitoring surveys/PDM;
Focus Group Discussions; Key Informant Interviews.